Living with Coyotes

This arrived through our Blockwatch network....

Coyotes have adapted to urban areas due to the abundance of green spaces combined with rodent populations and garbage supplies that accompany any dense human populations. It is important to maintain the boundary between coyotes and people. It is when coyotes and other urban wildlife become too comfortable around people and our environments that the possibility for conflict can occur. We therefore ask people to deter coyotes that are showing signs of being habituated.

People are often unknowingly in close contact with coyotes each day, and in general are acting as ‘ghosts of the city’. Coyotes are watching and learning from us; we influence their behaviour, and it will be our actions that determine what the future holds for our neighbourhoods.

Living with coyotes around is like living with any other neighbours- hardly a reason to panic but at the same time take reasonable precautions and stay alert to what goes on around you. If you have a bad feeling, pay attention to it but don't overreact either. Discourage predators from finding food around your house and always ensure your small pets are supervised.

Coyotes are opportunists and are always looking and learning- it's a major factor in their success. They will check things out and if they sense a weakness or opportunity, they may press further. They're very curious animals.

How to Haze for Effective Reshaping of Coyote Behaviour

“Co-existence is not a passive undertaking ”

Please note: It is not normal for coyotes to attack or pursue humans. Children and adults should never run from a coyote. A coyote will not normally retaliate unless it is cornered, feels trapped or is defending its young.

Human behaviour can shape animal behaviour, in either a negative or positive manner.

Hazing Definition: Hazing is a process whereby a number of individuals encountering a coyote respond in an aggressive manner to make a coyote uncomfortable enough that it chooses to leave a situation where its presence is unwanted.

Hazing can help maintain a coyote’s fear of humans and deter it from neighbourhood spaces such as backyards and play spaces. Hazing does not do damage to animals, humans or property. Levels of hazing need to be appropriate in relation to the activity of the coyotes.

Basic Hazing:

Step 1: Be ‘Big Mean and Loud’. BIG - Raise arms high, or lift an object such as an umbrella or hockey stick. MEAN – Stomp the ground aggressively with one foot. LOUD- Shout in as loud and deep a voice as possible “Go away coyote” (Repeat 3 times )

Step 2: Observe coyote response. It is extremely common for coyotes not to respond to hazing techniques early in the process. They do not have the relevant context to respond in the manner desired (to leave) with no history of hazing. Should this be that case and the coyote not flee the area and out of your sight, then see STEP 4.

Step 3: NEVER – run away from a coyote. This will make a coyote more resistant to hazing instead of reinforcing the image that people are scary.

Advanced Hazing

Step 4: Employ the ‘Coyote Shaker’ (see attachment). This tool is highly effective at deterring coyotes as it is very noisy and can be thrown into close proximity to a coyote that is not leaving your line of sight when being ‘Big Mean Loud’ (see attachment)

Removing Attractants

Urban coyotes are attracted to backyards by accessible garbage and compost, neglected sheds and properties (rat habitat), fallen tree fruit and vegetables, bird feed from feeders and outdoor pet food.

Community Strength

It is important that individuals take part in becoming aware of the attractants listed above. However, just as important is taking action both as a household and a community. Working together will reduce the number of overall sightings and encounters with coyotes in your area and therefore reduce the chances of conflict.

We hope that all the above-mentioned points and our website are able to answer many of your questions and help everyone better understand how to co-exist with coyotes. We have attached a 'coyote shaker' blue print and our poster – please pass them on to anyone in your neighbourhood who may be interested! (Block Watch, resident associations, strata councils, dog walking groups, coffee shop notice boards etc…)

When more residents take proactive or direct action, the more likely coyotes will retain their fear of people resulting in fewer potential conflicts with coyotes.

For More Information…

Our website will outline in more detail the issues regarding coyotes. The following are links to informative coyote videos that you can view on our website at:

We appreciate your support and welcome you to contact us again about any coyote related information you may come across in the future. We also appreciate feedback on what has been successful for you and your neighbourhood so we can relay it to other residents and community groups.

Please contact us should you have any questions.


Phil Dubrulle
Co-Existing with Coyotes Program Coordinator
Stanley Park Ecology Society
P: 604-681-9453
F: 604-257-8378
Facebook: Stanley Park Ecology Society
Twitter: @StanleyPkEcoSoc

Living with Coyotes